St Patricks Drumkeen
DRUMKEEN’S NEW CHURCH BLESSED AND OPENED.
Report from the Donegal Peoples Press of 23rd March 1973.
Kindly supplied by Packie and Patsy Bonner, Drumkeen.
The perilous era of the Scalan, Mass Rock and the Famine were recalled at Drumkeen on St. Patrick’s Day, when a new Church, dedicated to the national Apostle was solemnly blessed and opened by the Bishop of Raphoe, Most Rev. Dr. McFeely.
It was an occasion of great rejoicing for the parishioners, though for the older generation it evoked memories of the old building, which had served as a place of divine worship for 130 years, dating back to pre-Famine days.
For a number of years it had been known that a new Church was required in the parish and the urgent need for a fitting replacement impelled the people to exert an all out effort to raise the necessary funds. The response was instant and generous towards the target of £21,000, which the new Church was estimated to cost.
This is the second Church to be built in the Raphoe parish during the past nine months, surely a record for the Diocese. A signal tribute to the zeal of the late parish priest, Very Rev. A. McElwee, his successor Very Rev. P. Deegan and the curates who served in Convoy and Drumkeen.
Saturday’s ceremonies carried out in lovely weather, brought to the Church a large assembly of parishioners as well as friends and benefactors from all parts of the Diocese. The special sermon, during concelebrated Mass in the new St. Patrick’s Church was preached by Father Deegan and was regarded by priests and people alike as one of the most instructive and eloquently delivered at any church function over a long number of years.
The new Church of St. Patrick was blessed in the presence of a very large congregation by Most Rev. Dr. McFeely, who was assisted at the blessing by Very Rev. Patrick Deegan, P.P., Raphoe and Rev. M. Herrity, C.C., Drumkeen. Master of Cermonies was Rev. P. Britton, C.C., Convoy. The Chanters were Very Rev. C.J. Canon Mulreany, P.P., Stranorlar, Very Rev. Cathal Canon O’Callaghan, P.P., Dungloe and Rev. B. McCafferty, C.C., Stranorlar. His Lordship was the principal concelebrant of the Concelebrated Mass. Other celebrants were Rt. Rev. Monsignor E. Long, P.P., V.G., Donegal, Dean of Raphoe, Very Rev. Canon Finnegan, P.P., Rathmullan. Fr. Britton was master of ceremonies, assisted by Fr. Herrity, who read the first lesson. Fr. Britton read the second lesson and Fr. Deegan read the Gospel.
Laity who read the Prayers of the Faithful were Messrs, John C. Duffy, Charles Sweeney and P. Brown. The Offertory Gifts were brought to the Altar by Mr. and Mrs. Guthrie, Miss Ann Boyle and Pat Traynor. The Choir was trained by Miss Alice McMonagle, N.T., and Father McCafferty was on the organ.
Among other clergy present were Rt. Rev. Monsignor McLaughlin, P.P., Carrigart, Very Rev. J. Canon Glackin, P.P., Killymard, Very Rev. T. Canon Doherty, P.P., Dunfanaghy, Very Rev. D. Cunnea, P.P., St. Johnston, Very Rev. J. McDaid, P.P., Glenfin, Very Rev. J.J. Haughey, P.P., Kilmacrennan, Very Rev. P. McDaid, P.P., Termon, Very Rev. J. Kerr, P.P., Glenties, Very Rev. Dr. J. Marron, P.P., Crossroads, Very Rev. D. McDyer, Adm., Letterkenny, Very Rev. P. McMahon, Adm., Glenswilly, Rev. S. McEntee, E.I., Letterkenny, Rev. P. Arnold, C.C., Milford, Rev. P.J. Young, C.C., Ballyshannon, Rev. A. Laverty, President St. Eunan’s College, Letterkenny, Rev. S. McGeehan, Dublin, Rev. D. Doherty, C.C., Fintown, Rev. P. Kerr, C.C., Clar and Rev. P. Bradley, Letterkenny. Representatives were also present from the Franciscan Community, Rosnowlagh. Among the laity present were Mr. Neil Blaney, T.D., and Mr. Paddy Harte, T.D.
Before the ceremonies began and afterwards, the assembled gathering were entertained in a musical programme by the Raphoe Pipe Band.
THE NEW CHURCH.
The new Church is constructed to cater for the latest liturgical regulations and has a seating capacity for 420 and cost more than £21,000. It is a steel framed building with brick faced cavity infilling walls. The ceiling is finished in pirana pine and a fibreglass cross is erected on top of the slated roof.
The Altar is made of reconstructed stone as is also the Ambo. There are full length stained glass windows along each side of the Altar which is surmounted by a large wall crucifix. There is ample car parking at the front of the new Church.
The main contractor was Mr. Michael Patton, Drumkeen and the Architect was Mr. P. Carr, Ballybofey. The electrical contract was carried out by Mr. William Reynolds, Raphoe and the heating was by Mr. Thomas Murphy, Letterkenny. The seating in the Church was made by local craftsmen and is also of pine. The iron and steelworks contract was carried out by Mr. Joe Bonar, Letterkenny, who also constructed the cross. Carpets in the Church were provided by Messrs. Bondworth of Gweedore and were laid by Mr. Patsy O’Neill of Letterkenny.
In the course of his sermon, Fr. Deegan said “The dedication of a new Church in the Diocese of Raphoe is almost a commonplace and it is the accepted thing for clergy and people to be engaged in the building of new churches or the re-construction of old ones. This concern with church building is in no small way due to our Bishop, whose pastoral care to provide for the welfare of his people has given encouragement to priests, who otherwise might have been a little diffident to embark on this sometimes burdensome and often unpleasant task of collecting money, a task which has been an irksome burden on Christianity since St. Paul first asked Christian converts in Greece to bail out the rather disastrous attempt at Christain Communism of the early church in Jerusalem.
This concern with building is not due in any degree to a desire on the part of the clergy for self-aggrandisement, a suggestion sometimes un-generously made, or indeed to the purpose of providing work for artisans and architects, however laudible that may be in itself, but merely to the necessity of providing suitable places of worship where the people will be sheltered from the elements while they worship God in their chosen way, places where they will be comfortably warm and have sufficient light to read, where they will be able to foregather round the altar, which represents Christ and together with the priest as the royal priesthood of St. Peter, renew the offering of that central act of worship of-once-and-for-all immolation on the cross, after the manner of the Last Supper.
Another reason for this spate of church building and renovation is the fact that many of the old churches were built by a people racked with poverty emerging from the dark days of persecution and often with poor materials on hand. And so it was devolved on the priests and people of today to renew the buildings erected in the early years of the nineteenth century.
One of the great builders among the clergy of that period after Emancipation was John Feely, Dean of Raphoe. When on the 1st January 1970 I was appointed Parish Priest of Inver, the Bishop pointed out to me the distinguished line of pastors I had the honour to succeed. Their Lordships McFeely and McNeely, the Cardinals O’Donnell and Logue and the Primate McGettigan, for the bishops were pastors of Inver for one hundred years. I was interested to discover that the last priest, not a bishop, who had been appointed pastor of that ancient parish was Father John Feely, who was sent there in 1849 and who continued in that place for twenty-six years. While there he built a church for the people who had lived in the foothills of the Bluestacks, near the Eany River, near the ancient Franciscan Scalan at Dysert. He built a high church in Drumarone for the people and for God: he built a humble house for himself in Frosses. Before coming to Inver, he had been Parish Priest in Raphoe (I was following him in reverse order) and while there he had built a new church in Drumkeen in the year 1842, mainly out of funds he had collected on a tour among Donegal exiles in New York and Philadelphia. The architecture was neither elaborate nor ornate but very substantial and John Feely realised his cherished ideal that though houses might be humble, churches should be high.
There was an old priest of this Diocese whom I knew in my youth who used to refer to this old church and it’s height as “Feely’s Folly”- an expression not uncommon in these parts. But one thing that this old priest did not realise was the contrast that John Feely established between his new churches and the old Scalans which preceded them.
In the year 1610, the last Mass was said in the old cathedral before it was dismantled and for close on two hundred years scalans supplied the place of the famous cathedral and though these temporary shelters existed in various places, there was always one at Killynure and one at Drumkeen. Here is a description of one of the churches which preceded Dean Feely’s high church,- “The Roman Catholics had scarcely any houses of worship at all and such as they had were of very humble description. In one place the Roman Catholic chapel on account of the lowness of its walls and having no gables, being thatched all round, was locally known as the “PratiePit”. It was to put a great a distance as possible between his people and that reproach that John Feely built his high church. And though you people of Drumkeen may rejoice and be glad today at the opening of this new church, what must have been the joy and gladness of your ancestors emerging from the dark days of denial and the pit into their new high church. Let us think kindly and with gratitude of Dean Feely and his high church and his courage and of his people and their faith and generosity and let us pray that the faith cherished in those more difficult times may not be lost in these balmier ones of affluence and permissiveness.
The old church was dedicated one hundred and thirty years ago. It has served the people of Drumkeen and district well. It has seen their days of joy and sorrow: it has been the silent witness to the happy marriage and the sad funeral: it has stood sentinel over the dead; it has been the place where the sinner was shriven and returned to God to receive Him in Holy Communion; it has been the place where a whole people has for one hundred and thirty years assembled to offer their Sabbath-worship to the God who made them. Today we bid it a fond farewell.
The decision to leave the old and build the new was not one lightly taken. Many things were considered, the number of people, the falling population, the great cost of renovating the old, the difficulty of heating it, the heavy burden to be laid on so few shoulders. There was one thing, which was never in doubt- the faith of the people, their generosity and their willingness to support the new idea. When after many consultations between Bishop, Parish, People and Architect, the decision to leave the old and build the new was taken, a great link with the past was severed. But we must not dwell in the past for ever. We must now look to the future with new hope and enthusiasm and prepare ourselves to meet the undoubted challenge of a new age with the same strong faith, the same unflinching loyalty to God and Church, the same courage of our ancestors. To enable us to do this we have a new church and a reformed liturgy.
But the laying up of new stones does not make a new people. In most ancient religions, temples were built to give their gods a home where they could be worshiped. For us Christians the church building is the sacred place where we assemble to worship God in the way established by Our Lord Himself. This building should be a dignified structure to contain the worshipping assembly. It should show respect for space and material. Its character should radiate the love of God and the brotherhood.
“We know that God is present in the whole world, the wonder of, since we learned it from our first catechism has never ceased to impress us. The Christian believes that God is present every- where, that the Divine Immensity fills all space. But this faith does not exclude the idea of reserving a special spot where the creature may hold communion with his Creator and worship Him. That this setting aside of a hallowed spot was ever done with a certain shoe and ceremony is evident from the example of Jacob, who on the morning after his vision of the ladder from the earth to heaven, took the stone on where his head rested during the night and having set it up, poured oil on it and called the place Beth-El the house of God, and the example of Moses, who took oil of unction and anointed the tabernackle and all the furniture thereof and when he had sanctified and sprinkled the altar seven times and anointing it and all the furniture thereof, and above all of Solomon, who having assembled the priest and the ancients of the people, bore the Ark of the covenant into the new temple and there he prayed his long prayer for the people in times of peace and war, drought, pestilence, famine and plague. He prayed for peace and forgiveness for men and that God might hear in Heaven the prayer he offered in that new temple.”
“This example of the Old Testament was followed in New Testament times. Following this example, churches were dedicated from the earlier times as abundant records show, for all churches destined for divine worship in perpetuity must at least be blessed before the sacred mysteries be celebrated in them. And so for this reason we come together this afternoon to bless and dedicate according to most ancient custom, this place to the glory of God and the honour of St. Patrick. In this place will Heaven touch earth. Here we are setting up our Jacob’s ladder to Heaven. From here will ascend God’s angel bearing our sacrifice from this material altar to the eternal altar in Heaven. Here will descend the angles of God bearing his graces to the souls of men, peace and consolation to the troubled, strength to those engaged in the struggle which lasts as long as life shall last against the known enemies of the soul’s salvation, forgiveness to those seeking it. Here will God be present. Here will take off the shoes of sin from our feet for the ground we stand on is holy. Here is Moses burning bush. Here indeed is Sinai with God present not in thunder and lightning veiled behind the clouds of Sinai but behind the veil of the tabernackle”.
“We have dedicated our church. We have dedicated it like the old one to St. Patrick. We have dedicated it on the feast of St. Patrick, the patron who brought the faith of Christ to Ireland. We know his appearance well, dressed in mire and Gothic chausible with crozier in hand. His picture is in almost every Irish home, his life story is well known to us, but I do suggest that as a person he is unknown to us. I do not think that the great saint of our island has very little to do with our spiritual life, the man is so obscured from us by nationalism and love of country that it is difficult to think of him as a person. And this is a great pity for he was an extraordinary person. All we have to do to get acquainted with him is to read his confession. He speaks to us across the centuries out of that confession as if he were teaching us today. His words are as important today as they were then but it is more important to follow his example. The two qualities that characterise him are simplicity and love of prayer. Patrick was always devoted to prayer. He tells us himself that he rose a hundred times in the night to pray and that this did him no harm whatever. And simple prayers they were too, sayings from the bible for the most part”.
One story, which has clung to St. Patrick is the story of his banishing the serpents from Ireland. Scientists have discounted the story as they say Ireland was cut off from the mainland of Europe before snakes had developed. But tradition once again proves a truer guide to the truth than science. He did banish the serpents- the serpents of false worship. The oldest form of pagan worship known to us is the worship of the snake. The serpent was chosen from all the beasts of the field to represent the spirit of evil in the Book of Genesis because men had made it the central figure of false worship. Our ancestors, the Celts, coming from lands where the pagan cult existed and brought it with them to Ireland where there were no serpents. They made images to supply this lack and it is stated that to destroy a centre of this pagan worship he climbed Croagh Patrick. Our earnest prayer to him today in this new church, which we have dedicated to him, is that he would help to drive the many poisonous serpents of false ideas, the many-headed hydras of hate from our land.
And so my friends, we have today dedicated yet another church to the glory of God and the honour of St. Patrick, we have added yet another to the almost one thousand churches that honour him across the broad world and stand pointing their spires to Heaven as witnesses to the truths believed and taught by Patrick, Columba, Eunan and Baithen and all the ancient monks and holy men of the age of saints and scholars and all who came after them in the turbulent centuries that followed, and all the dead, your ancestors and friends who lie buried around the old church and all of you gathered here today. May this church stand like the old one, another 130 years to shelter from the elements all who pray beneath its roof, to be a place of comfort and consolation to all people in life and death till in another time other people serving the same God, believing the same truths may assemble here to dedicate another new temple, built with newer and grander materials of a new and greater age to the glory of God and the honour of St. Patrick.
Addressing the congregation at the end of Mass, Bishop McFeely congratulated the people on their fine new church. He said when a decision was made to build it, some thought that they were undertaking too much and they had doubts whether the work could be accomplished or not. Now they could feel proud of this building and more particularly so because it was erected by their own people.
His Lordship congratulated the architect and the main contractor and said it was particularly pleasing as the church blended so well with its surroundings, which was always a good criterion for any work of this kind.
We who have come here today cannot but feel how you have all been drawn together as a community. I hope that this church will draw you even closer as a community to serve one another and to help one another, proud of the faith you have and ready to come to the church in times of joy and sorrow to speak to God and dedicate your lives to him.
In his homily Fr. Deegan had referred to the tradition of faith that existed here, and which went back to St. Patrick, said Bishop McFeely. Perhaps in these days in Ireland few of us can get rid of the sad thought that Christianity had not penetrated the lives of a number of people. After 1500 years we in our own day are witnessing all the dreadful savagery that has blotted our own life- time. I would ask you, particularly today when we recall the proud heritage of our faith and when we come here to dedicate a symbol of our faith, that you would remember in this church and at home and pray that there will soon be an end to all the unchristian conduct that is so widespread among a number of our people.
ALL CAN DO SOMETHING TO END VIOLENCE.
Every one of us can try and do something to put an end to violence. If we have violence in our hearts, if we speak violence, if we condone violence we are contributing to violence. We cannot wash our hands of the blood that has been shed if we condone and approve of it in our hearts. It would be well for us to examine our conscience and see how deeply our Christianity penetrates into our lives. If we don’t take Christ as an example and follow Christ as an example we cannot call ourselves Christians, if we condone the violence that is going on. His Lordship appealed to the people to pray for an early return to peace in the country.
He said young people would benefit from the traditions and great sacrifices which had been made by their fore-bearers in the old church. He hoped they would think of the sacrifices that had been made in the past to keep the faith that had been handed down to them. The people of the parish had been more than generous in contributing to the building of this new church but despite their wonderful efforts and their great work, there was a sizeable debt remaining. He felt confident that from this church streams of grace will go out to you and your families and that in times of need you will turn to Christ for strength and inspiration.
Bishop McFeely referred to the recent announcement of the coming of a major industry to Letterkenny when many from the parish would find employment there. Others from the district who had gone abroad might be attracted home again. He urged that they should continue to live in their own district and build up the local community and help preserve the best traditions of the past while sharing in the affluence, which they deserved and which might come to them in the proposed new development.
“Don’t rush into the bigger centres of population said his Lordship. You can take advantage by still continuing your traditions of the past, benefiting from that neighbourliness and the quality of life that is part of the Irish country heritage”. His Lordship concluded by expressing the hope that this church would bring many blessings and be a beginning to a brighter era for all.
Fr. Deegan thanked Bishop McFeely for his attendance to bless the church and for his guidance and supervision in the building of it. He also thanked the Tinney family for generously donating the land on which the church was built; the architect and builder and those who made contributions towards the furnishings for the church. He thanked in particular the very efficient and devoted committee who had worked harder than anyone for this day and the curate Fr. Herrity, for the great work he had done in collecting so much of the cost of the church.
THE END OF AN ERA
After one hundred and forty four years the old chapel at Drumkeen , once known as “Feely’s Folly”, has finally been demolished. On Monday 23rd June 1986 the scaffolding was erected and the chapel was slowly taken down.
It has taken the parish committee three years to find someone willing to do the work and demolish the old church. No one it seemed wanted to try a job as complex. However, after the severe gales in the spring of that year when slates were blown two hundred yards from the chapel, the local curate Fr. D. McGettigan and the committee increased their efforts as they felt the chapel had become a danger to the public. Eventually the Bonner brothers of Drumkeen, Alec Carlin and Teddy Tinney from St. Johnston, were enticed to undertake the work.
By the end of the summer the job was complete and the chapel that had served as a place of worship to many thousands down through the famine years and right up to the seventies was no more.
The old chapel stood guard over Drumkeen and the surrounding area since it was open in 1842, having been built with funds collected by the then Dean of Raphoe, Dean Feely, when he toured Donegal exiles in Philadelphia. Previous to 1842 the priests used to say Mass in Scalans. These were open-ended shelters, which used to cover the altars and the Mass Rocks and to give shelter to the priests.
It was in stark contrast to the Scalan that Dean Feely built the new chapel in Drumkeen. He decided that the people had used huts and hovels long enough for the celebration of the Mass, so he opted for height and space in the new building. It was roughly fifty feet high and had a floor area of about four thousand square feet. Because of its height it was once better known as “Feely’s Folly”.
Old ordnance survey maps of the 1800’s show a previous church on the site as being in ruins in the middle 1600’s, so for about two hundred years, Drumkeen had no chapel only Scalans and the Mass Rock for the celebration of the Mass.
With the changing times of the late 1960’s the people of Drumkeen had opted for a new church rather than modernise the old one. On St. Patrick’s morning 1973, Fr. Michael Herrity then curate in Drumkeen , Said the last Mass in the old chapel and later that afternoon the new church was blessed and dedicated by the Bishop of Raphoe, Rev. Dr. McFeely.
Later the seats and fixtures in the old church were auctioned and the money used to reduce the debt on the new church. For a while the old building was used for bingo sessions and as a training hall for Drumkeem F.C. The football club and the parish committee spent a considerable amount of money trying to keep the old building in a decent state of repair, but the elements beat them and they abandoned their efforts. Steadily its condition got worse until the gales of that year, did a lot of damage to the roof, thus hastening the fate of the building.
Alec and Teddy worked long and hard when the weather permitted, removing the slates and timber. They were hampered in their work by the height of the building and the proximity of the graveyard and new tombstones. Eventually they succeeded in getting the roof removed without damage to property or injury to anyone.
Then it was the turn of Bonner Brothers who moved in during August. With their digger they tried to help in removing the heavy beams that supported the roof. Some of the timbers were nine inches thick. Nature being what it is the timbers seemed to have a mind of their own and within seconds all the timbers went crashing to the ground, some smashing like matchsticks. Luckily no one was injured.
Later that evening a ferocious battle took place between a section of the northern gable and Eamonn Bonner and his machine. Eamonn and his crew got a chain around part of the wall and started to pull with the digger. The wall bent inwards and when it seemed that it must fall, the chain broke and the wall snapped proudly back into position. Again Eamonn got chained up and yet again the wall defied all efforts to topple it by breaking the chain. At the third attempt Eamonn’s persistence paid off and tonnes of rubble went crashing to the ground.
Today, all that remains of the one hundred and forty four year old building is a monument built in the centre of the site with some of the cut stone that was used in the building of the chapel windows. The cross from the south- facing gable is imbedded on top of the structure. A similar cross from the other gable unfortunately fell during its removal and was smashed to pieces. The site of the” Old chapel” has now been kerbed and filled with top- soil. This is now a beautiful lawn and it will be used for the annual celebration of the Graveyard Mass.